Pediatric ENT

ALLERGIC RHINITUS

Allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is an especially common chronic nasal problem in adolescents and young adults.  Allergies to inhalants like pollen, dust, and animal dander begin to cause sinus and nasal symptoms in early childhood.  Infants and young children are especially susceptible to allergic sensitivity to foods and indoor allergens.

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TONSILS AND ADENOIDS

Tonsils and adenoids are on the body’s first line of defense — our immune system.  They “sample” bacteria and viruses that enter the body through the mouth or nose at the risk of their own infection.  At times, they become more of a liability than an asset and may trigger airway obstruction or repeated bacterial infections.

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EARS AND HEARING

Approximately 1 in 1000 newborns are diagnosed with extensive hearing loss, and another two to three in 1000 are born with partial hearing loss.  Early diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss in children can be critical to the child’s development of speech, language, cognitive, and psychosocial abilities.

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VOCAL NODULES

Vocal cord nodules appear on both sides of the vocal cords, typically at the midpoint, an directly face each other.  These lesions often diminish or disappear when overuse of the area is stopped.  If your child has been diagnosed with vocal cord nodules, the first step is to understand their cause and treatment.

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EAR INFECTIONS

Ear infections are the most common illness in children and may also occur in adults.  Children are more likely to develop ear problems due to poor air exchange with the middle ear space.  Ventilation of the ear should occur through a muscular tube called the eustachian tube.

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